Periodontal (Gum) Disease

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Periodontal (Gum) Disease

Periodontal disease, commonly referred to as gum disease, stands as a significant contributor to tooth loss among adults. Often described as a silent stalker, many individuals remain unaware of its presence until it reaches an advanced stage. Regular dental hygiene visits play a crucial role in the early detection and management of gum disease.

Our clinical staff diligently assess the condition of your gums, paying particular attention to the depth of the spaces between your teeth and gums. This assessment allows them to identify any signs of gum disease and take proactive measures to address it before it progresses further.

What Causes Gum Disease?

Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is a common dental issue that can have serious consequences for your oral health. It’s important to understand the causes and risk factors associated with gum disease to maintain healthy gums and teeth.

Plaque Buildup

The primary cause of gum disease is the accumulation of plaque, a sticky film of bacteria that forms on your teeth. If plaque is not regularly removed through proper oral hygiene practices like brushing and flossing, it can develop into harmful toxins that damage your gums.


Gingivitis is the early stage of gum disease. Signs of gingivitis include red, swollen, and easily bleeding gums. It’s a result of the body’s response to the irritation caused by plaque buildup.


If gingivitis is left untreated, it can progress to a more severe form of gum disease called periodontitis. Periodontitis can lead to tooth loss and significant dental problems. It occurs when the inflammation extends below the gum line, creating pockets that harbor bacteria and contribute to dental issues.

Lifestyle-Related Causes

Several lifestyle choices and conditions can increase the risk of developing gum disease:

Tobacco Products: Smoking or using chewing tobacco significantly raises the risk of gum disease.

Diabetes: Poorly controlled diabetes can lead to increased plaque formation and a higher likelihood of gum disease.

Medications: Certain medications, such as those used in cancer treatment, anti-epilepsy drugs, and calcium channel blockers, can affect gum health.

Dental Issues: Problems like ill-fitting bridges, crooked teeth, and old fillings that no longer protect the tooth can contribute to gum problems.

Pregnancy: Hormonal changes during pregnancy can lead to gingivitis. It’s essential to inform your dentist if you’re pregnant so they can monitor your oral health.

Symptoms Of Periodontal Disease

While gum disease is typically painless, there are symptoms to watch for:

– Red, swollen, or tender gums
– Easy bleeding when brushing or flossing
– Gums pulling away from teeth, creating pockets
– Persistent bad breath or an unpleasant taste
– Pus between the teeth and gums
– Loose or separating permanent teeth
– Bite issues and changes in the fit of partial dentures

 Quality Dental Care With Herriott Street Dental

Gum disease should not be taken lightly, as it can have serious consequences. If you experience any of these symptoms, it’s crucial to contact Herriott Street Dental as soon as possible. Our dental team will work with you to create a personalized treatment plan to restore your oral health. Don’t hesitate to reach out if you have concerns about gum disease or its symptoms. Your oral health is our top priority, and we’re here to help.